Acne (part 2)

Acne (part 2)

I have talked about fungal acne in my last post and in this post I will talk about the rest of types of acne.

Acne can form different types of skin blemishes, each having distinct appearance and symptoms, which means different treatment for each. These pimples can form due to bacteria(bacterial acne), change in hormones (hormonal acne) or fungus (fungal acne).

Before starting this topic let us discuss some causes of acne.

  1. Sebum oil that over body makes to prevent the skin but over production of sebum cause acne.
  2. Dead skin dead skin mixed with excess sebum and cause clogged pores
  3. Bacteria is also main cause of acne.

Blemishes or lesions can be divided into two main categories:

  1. Non inflammatory acne
  2. Inflammatory acne

Non inflammatory acne types:

    This particular type of acne do not cause swelling and are not very painful. This includes white and blackheads.

Whiteheads also called close come-dons appears on the skin as small whitish looking bumps. Sometimes the also have slightly red appearance. If not treated badly they don’t cause scaring.

Blackheads also called open come-dons, appears on the skin as small black coloured spots mostly in the T-zone(nose, chin and forehead). Blackheads are white heads in general but a little wide and open. It becomes darker and gets oxidised when comes contact with air.

Inflammatory acne type:

1. Papules (mild forms)

Papules are small bumps under the skin surface, having no center like whiteheads or opened like blackheads. They appear red and raised and slightly swollen. They happen when white or blackheads irritate skin a bit more.

2. Pustules (mild form also called pimples)

Pustules are larger in size than papules. They have a visible center filled with yellowish fluids called pus. Dead white blood cells and bacterial cells form pus.

Treatment:

  • Try to keep your face clean and avoid touching your face much.
  • Use products containing benzoyl peroxide.
  • Salicylic acid also come handy with this

Nodules

When pustules becomes severely irritated, they become nodules. These are deeper and underneath the skin. They are mostly formed by dead skin, oil and bacteria. Since they are so deep, home remedies won’t work. Consulting a dermatologist would be a good choice.

Cysts

 Cystic acne is most severe type of acne. It forms because of bacteria, sebum and dead skin. It is very painful as well. These are deep clogged pores and feels hard on touch. This acne type also scars your face.

Cysts are treated by medication or surgically so going to a dermatologist is recommended.

All in all acne is so subjective to everyone. What works for one might not works for other person. So make sure if you’re having this issue get it diagnosed on microscopic level so you can have better idea to what to do.

Hope e you find this helpful. Any suggestions write in the comments below.

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